This is the twenty third in a series of reviews of the best dive resort locations around the world. In this post, the focus is Sri Lanka.
In addition to this series on dive resort locations, the best worldwide liveaboard dive locations and services are reviewed in their own series. To check them out, or others in this series, click on Liveaboards / Resorts on the menu at the top and choose a a title from the list.
Sri Lanka Diving
Sri Lanka, the multi-cultural large island country of 22 million, is located just off the southeast tip of India. Gaining independence from Britain in 1948, English is still widely spoken by the population. Since the 30 year civil war that ended in 2009, the country has remained relatively peaceful. The original plantation economy is still important with the production of cinnamon, tea and rubber and has expanded to include coffee, sugar and food crops. In addition, and more importantly, expansion has moved into light industry, finance, tourism and other services making Sri Lanka into the second most prosperous country per capita, in South Asia, behind only the Maldives. For more demographic, geographical, historical and cultural information on Sri Lanka, click here: Sri Lanka (Wikipedia)
With a tropical climate there are interesting dive sites all around this big island. The real notoriety is for the many outstanding historical wrecks, but the reef diving is good and improving as environment protection is becoming widespread and increasingly more areas designated marine preserves. Sea life highlights include titan and clown triggerfish, sweetlips, batfish, giant barracuda, goliath grouper, trevally, bumphead parrotfish, Napoleon wrasse, eagle and bull rays, reef and whale sharks, several varieties of turtle, blue and sperm whales, spotted and bottle nose dolphins, not to mention a variety of macro critters including, lobsters, moray eels, nudibranchs and various hard and soft corals, sponges, tunicates and other invertebrates.
Sri Lanka has climate variations around the island based on altitude, latitude and distance from the coast, monsoon winds and the season. Seasonal air temperature averages are 22°C (72 °F) in winter and 33°C (93°F) in summer and the water temperature is roughly 27-28°C (80-83°F) year round. Rainfall is subject to monsoon winds coming from the Indian Ocean and conversely from the Bay of Bengal. The best season for diving in the west and southwest is October to May. In the east and northeast, it is May to October.
Visibility is good at 20-30 meters (65-100 feet).
For reviews of diving in other Indian Ocean locations, please click on these posts:
- Best Diving Vacations – Madagascar Liveaboards
- Seychelles Best Scuba Diving Holidays
- Best Liveaboard Diving Maldives
Selected Best Dive Sites
Best Reef Areas
- Hikkaduwa: national park with a fringing reef of great biodiversity, 60 species of hard coral, 170 species of fish, sea grass and marine algae
- Kalpitiya: beach tourist area with rich biodiversity, 156 species of coral, 283 species of fish, manta rays, reef sharks, turtles, whales and dolphins, macro critters like shrimp, crabs, mollusks, May to November southwest monsoon precludes diving, mild currents
- Kirinda: great beach, Buddhist shrine on shore, Great Basses wreck nearby, Great and Little Basses reefs to the southeast, lighthouse built in 1860 is on the reef, grey reef sharks and tuna
- Weligama: 30 km (19 miles) east of Galle, fishing village, snorkeling and diving, dolphins and sharks November to April, Yala Rock site
- Trincomalee: ecotourism area, beautiful white sand beaches, snorkeling and diving around Nilaveli Beach and Pigeon Island, Irakkandy shipwreck
- Colombo: one dozen wrecks in the area including Medhufaru, Cargo Wreck, Car Wreck, Tug Wreck, Battery Barge, SS Worcestershire, Para Gala, Wallet Wreck, Panadura Wreck, Taprobane East Wreck, 30-57 meters (100-190 feet) in maximum depth , nice reefs including Taprobane East, Barracuda Reef,. Gorgonian Gardens, Serendib Reef
Selected West Coast Wrecks
- SS Perseus (or Taprobane North Wreck): Colombo, depth: 30-40 meters (100-130 feet), WWI British steamship sunk in 1917 after hitting a German mine, broken up, black and soft corals, lots of fish including snappers, Napoleon wrasses, trevallies, groupers, advanced level
- Taprobane East Wreck: Colombo, depth: 32 meters (115 feet), skeleton of small barge in sandy bed, soft corals, reef fish like wrasses, glassfish, snapper and stingrays, experienced level
- MV Chief Dragon (or Car Wreck): Colombo, depth: 20-32 meters (67-115 feet), 112 meter (370 foot) Panamanian cargo ship (with cars), sunk in 1983, hard and soft corals, trevallies, mackerel, barracuda, soft corals, experienced level
- MV Medhufaru: Mount Lavinia, depth: 14-30 meters (48-100 feet), Moldavian cargo vessel, floundered and sunk in 2009, sits upright on a sandy bed, fusiliers, batfish, lionfish, mackerel, tuna, wahoo, trevallies, beginner to experienced level
- MV Thermopylae Sierra: Moratuwa, depth: to 24 meters (80 feet), 155 meter (515 foot) Cypriot bulk freighter, sunk 2012, upright with deck at 10-12 meters (35-40 feet), snappers, parrotfish, surgeonfish, angelfish, mackerel, octopus, eagle rays, trevallies, tuna, barracuda, beginner and experienced level
- SS Worcestershire: Moratuwa, depth: 50-57 meters (167-190 feet), British merchant naval vessel sunk by a German mine in 1917, sits upright with collapsed hull and bridge, soft, whip and black corals, sea fans, snappers, fusiliers, Napoleon wrasses, big-eye and giant trevallies, giant sweetlips, tech level
- SS Rangoon: Unawatuna, depth 27-32 meters (90-115 feet), steam ship sunk in 1872 in front of Galle Fort, upright with masts intact, snappers, rabbitfish, trevallies, experienced level
- SS Conch: Acurala, depth 17-21 meters (57-70 feet), British steam ship, first oil tanker built, struck Akarta Rock and sunk in 1903, spread over large area, partly salvaged, engine block, boilers, propeller, snappers, angelfish, porcupinefish, triggerfish, moray eels, groupers, beginner level
Selected East Coast Wrecks
- HMS Hermes: Batticaloa, depth: 40-53 meters (130-178 feet), British aircraft carrier suck by the Japanese in 1942, intact bow, guns, anchors and propeller, tuna, trevallies, barracuda, black coral, tech level
- SS British Sergeant: Mankerni, depth: 13-27 meters (43-90 feet), British oil tanker sunk by the Japanese in 1942, much has been salvaged, large caverns in the bow with schools of fish, pink and purple soft corals, experienced level
Sri Lanka Accommodation
Colombo-Bandaranayake International Airport provides service for many non-stop flights from around Europe and Asia. In addition, there are 15 domestic airports. Land transportation includes tuk-tuks, taxis, buses and trains.
In Sri Lanka there are thousands of hotels, resorts and condos available. Pricing runs from the very lowest budget level on up to high luxury. As for the diving, many of the hotels have their own dive shop. Otherwise there are lots of dive operations on Sri Lanka mostly in the locations highlighted on the dive site map above. For a website that is a good source for the available housing options and can arrange booking, click here: Sri Lanka Hotels, Resorts For locations all around the island, you can continue the search on the website.
Sri Lanka Things To Do (aside from scuba diving)
There are an abundance of interesting activities and events in Sri Lanka to round out a vacation there: surfing, beach and seaside activities, religious and cultural festivals, palaces, museums, city tours, food, restaurants and nightlife, shopping, sports, hiking and wildlife tours. Sri Lanka has jungles, 51 natural waterfalls, 2,100 meter (7,000 foot) mountains, leopards, elephants, monkeys, rich bird life, and biodiversity.
Sri Lanka Photo Opportunities
With the macro life, beautiful, diverse coral reef, lots of fish and wrecks, there are many excellent photo opportunities. For information and reviews of diving cameras, click here: Best Underwater Cameras Compared and Reviewed
A cushion for emergencies provides peace of mind when on vacation. I recommend this diving insurance as they have worldwide coverage and provide scuba divers a quality insurance and medical assistance service.
I hope you found this post on Sri Lanka resort diving interesting and useful. If you have any questions or ideas, please feel free to share them in the comments section. If there is no comments section directly below, click here: >>comments<<